Monday, November 30, 2009
Sunday, November 29, 2009
© Jessica M. Kaufman
Jessica M. Kaufman: Panopticon
Lishui Photography Festival in Lishui, China.
Festival events are scheduled November 28 through December 3, 2009.
To re-visit our conversation with Jessica, by clicking here.
Saturday, November 28, 2009
On Wednesday, December 2 from 6-8pm, exhibiting artist Rachel Howfield will facilitate an informal roundtable discussion at A.I.R. Gallery on issues related to being an artist and a parent, as part of the APT (Artist Parents Talking) program, which she founded in the UK. What challenges do you face as an artist parent, what strategies have you developed to overcome them, how can we better support each other? Please come and share in the conversation!
111 Front Street, #228
Brooklyn, NY 11201
Gallery Hours: Wednesday - Sunday 11am - 6pm
Friday, November 27, 2009
Thursday, November 26, 2009
Elizabeth Fleming: I live with my husband James and our two daughters Edie and June, who are six and three, in New Jersey. We were in Brooklyn for a good long while, and then after Edie was born we decided we wanted a house and a yard and the whole suburban lifestyle, so we relocated and have never looked back. The move really made my current body of work "Life is a series of small moments" possible--it's so much about home, our surroundings, and these interior spaces that are particular to where we're living. I don't think I could have created these pictures in our one-bedroom condo on a city street. I'm currently home with my girls; two days a week they go off with our babysitter, and are in school until mid-afternoon. During those hours I try to cram in as much as possible: working on my art, keeping up with my blog Tethered, running errands, getting the house in order, and a number of other tasks (along with my fair share of procrastinating). It's sometimes a precarious balance, but I'm constantly grateful that I have this amazing home life, and then am able to engage my intellectual and artistic impulses through my photography.
EF: My parents bought me my first camera when I was about 10; I still have the contact sheets from my first photo shoot--I was very into double-exposures and overly dramatic setups. There's an image of me putting my hand through my dad's head, and some shots of the moon above a lit window. It was all in black-and-white and I have no idea where my parents got the film developed or printed. But before that I had always considered myself an artist--I loved to draw and paint when I was little, and photography simply felt like an extension of my creative expression. My parents have always been very encouraging; I can't remember if I asked for the camera or they gave it to me thinking I would enjoy it, but either way they treated photography as another art form, and helped to facilitate my love of making pictures, in whatever medium I chose.
NP: Where do you find inspiration?
EF: My main inspiration comes from my daily life. I find that I'm constantly looking and observing; small things like dishes in the sink or how the light fills a room can set my mind spinning. I really try to notice and see with conscious attention what's around me. And my family of course is an enormous influence--my daughters provide so much of the impetus for my image-making. They're my muses. Beyond that, every day I read my roster of photography blogs--they lead me to new work, much of which I find stirs me to want to continue producing. I'm also an avid reader, and I find that certain writers can really spark ideas and get that wonderful itchy creative feeling flowing in my veins.
NP: How do your projects come about?
EF: I work from a very intuitive place. Often ideas will flood into my head, almost fully formed, and then I mull over them and tweak them internally. So much of my work takes place in my mind before I begin to outwardly express my concepts. By the same token, on numerous occasions I'll simply be struck by a scene and grab my camera and begin shooting. But I think all of the mental pondering that goes on beforehand then informs how I take my pictures. It's a combination of intellectual thought and this instinctual drive, which is motivated by the passion I feel for creating. And certainly with my children they are so much the focus of my life that it feels very natural for me to want to try to capture the emotional landscape of how I see them and our surroundings, and try to convey this sense of motherhood and my desire to freeze time in a visual format.
NP: What’s next?
EF: I'll go on submitting as much as I can without neglecting my art-making, and will continue as always with my shooting and writing via my blog. My long-term goals are to have a solo show and to produce a limited-edition book. One gratifying thing about my future is that my family is my constant, and I can look forward to being there to capture the changes that my girls will go through in the years to come.
See more of Elizabeth Fleming's work at www.elizabethfleming.com and be sure to keep updated on her writing at Tethered. Happy Holidays!
Wednesday, November 25, 2009
Tuesday, November 24, 2009
Stuck, Huacachina Oasis, Peru © Rona Chang
This image by Rona Chang was taken this year in Peru and is part of Rona's ongoing series Moving Forward, Standing Still. Find out more at www.ronachang.com and re-visit our interview with Rona by clicking here.
Monday, November 23, 2009
Sunday, November 22, 2009
Saturday, November 21, 2009
More and more photographers are now also moving into shooting motion. And Canon is going with the times. The EOS 5D Mark II is an excellent DSLR and it also shoots t 12 minutes of video. Vincent LaForet shot a promo video with it for Canon which you can see at the Canon site: www.usa.canon.com.
Friday, November 20, 2009
Victoria Granof, Food Stylist, wonderful woman and mother will speak at AIGA. She is most known for her decade-long collaboration with the great Irving Penn. Here are the details:
from A.I.R. Gallery:
ALL WOMEN ARTISTS ARE INVITED TO PARTICIPATE
A.I.R. Gallery invites you to participate in an invitational holiday exhibition of small works, Generations VII, December 2nd, 2009- January 3rd, 2010. The exhibition includes a silent auction. Sales will benefit participating artists and A.I.R. Gallery. Please join this biennial celebration of art made by women!
ENTRY FORM POSTMARK DEADLINE: NOVEMBER 22ND, 2009. To reserve space in this exhibition, please fill out and return PART ONE of the registration form with your handling fee of $40 by sunday November 4,2009. Please make payment to cash, credit or check.
SILENT AUCTION: All work will be sold through a silent auction. On PART ONE of the entry form indicate the lowest minimum bid for your work (suggested: $50 or less). Any subsequent bids increase based on value of the piece. The silent auction ends on January 3rd at 4 pm. Works that have a bid by December 19th and are intended as holiday gifts may be picked up between 11 am and 6 pm from December 19th through December 23rd.
BENEFIT AND SALES: 60% of the proceeds of each work will be paid to the artist within one month after the close of the exhibition. The remaining 40% of sales will support the A.I.R. Fellowship Program for Emerging and Underrepresented Artist, as well as other A.I.R. exhibitions and programs which serve our mission to advance the status of women in the arts. Please support A.I.R. Gallery by participating in this holiday exhibition.
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES: Ready to hang wall works in all media will be accepted. No pedestals and no freestanding floor works. Limit: one piece per artist.
SIZE LIMITATIONS: Not to exceed 14" in any dimension, including the frame. A.I.R. reserves the right to refuse any work that does not fit the size limitations, is wet, is not properly prepared for hanging, or requires unusual installation.
DELIVERY OF WORK: Work must be delivered IN PERSON between 12 pm and 6 pm on Monday November 30th or between 8 am and 12 pm on Tuesday December 1st.
PICKUP OF WORK: Unsold work must be picked up on January 3rd between 4 pm and 8 pm or January 4th between 8 am ad 11 am. Work purchased for holiday gift giving may be picked up on December 19th between 11 am and 6 pm.
EVENTS: The Opening Reception for Generations VII will be held on Thursday, December 3rd 6 pm to 8 pm. A Holiday Party and Auction Viewing with hors d'ouvre and refreshments will be held on Friday, December 4th from 6 pm to 8:30 pm.
NOTE: A.I.R. Galley is closed from December 24th, 2009- January 1st, 2009.
Thursday, November 19, 2009
Ka-Man Tse: I was born the youngest daughter of three, I was supposed to be a boy, but alas! What can I say? Currently I am trying to live the life of a morning person but I was born to be nocturnal. I blame it on being born in Hong Kong, and having to live my life in opposite time, but it's New York or bust.
NP: How did you discover photography?
KMT: In high school, over the summer between 9th and 10th grade. It was a bet, a joke, the way the best things are. But the first camera I used was a point-and-shoot. That's a pretty far of a walk from 4x5 land, but there is definitely that moment when you say to yourself, I want more from my negatives, more from my photographs. Nowadays I am turning back, and just the people to be able to move and speak. make noise.
NP: Where do you find inspiration?
KMT: In the public realm, on the street, between people, from memories, through stories, and because I missed it when it happened... Anything that references another sense other than the one we take for granted. I'm either a hater trapped in the body of a romantic or a romantic trapped in the body of a hater.
NP: How do your projects come about?
KMT: They usually come from within, or from a story, mixed with a little heat, sugar, salt, and acid. So I would say birthday parties, and subway rides, and tales told by my elders.
KMT: A short film where everyone is the main character.
NP: There is much more to see at Ka-Man's website at http://www.tsewhat.com. Thank you!
Wednesday, November 18, 2009
from The Cooper Union:
Thursday, November 19 at 6:30 PM:
Women's Suffrage and Women's Rights
Another Great Evening in The Great Hall celebrating The Cooper Union's 150th anniversary!
The program will feature Karen DeCrow, co-founder and past President of
the National Organization for Women (and the leader of the band of
intrepid women who first integrated McSorley's.)Prof. Day Gleeson will
take part as will Actors Karen Finley, André De Shields, Richard Kind,
Brenda Wehle, and Singers Catherine Brookman, Jay O. Sanders, Adrienne
Deekman, Jenifer Fouché, Grace McLean, and Eliza Poehlman. Kris Kukul will
be on the piano and Hiroyuki Matsuura on drums. Music by Elizabeth Swados
will be featured, along with historic documents and projections. The Great
Hall gallery will feature a display of women's art in tribute to the women
artists who studied at The Cooper Union 150 years ago.
Events are free and open to the public.
You can find an eloquent obituary in The New York Times: www.nytimes.com/2009/11/10/arts/design/10hofer.html.
Tuesday, November 17, 2009
from the ongoing Japan Project © Emily Shur
This Picture of the Week was taken by Emily Shur on her most recent trip to Japan - it's hot off the presses so to speak.
See more of Emily's work by visiting her website: www.emilyshur.com and her blog My Four Eyed Fantasy. Or re-vist our conversation with Emily by clicking here.
And stay tuned for our new interview with Emily, which will publish in the weeks to come.
Monday, November 16, 2009
© Rebecca Leopold
10 from 25: Emerging Artists Using Photography
November 19- December 13, 2009
Opening Reception: Thursday, November 19, 6-9 pm
Location: 25CPW, 25 Central Park West at 62nd Street, New York
Contact: Bess Greenberg and Jamie Lund, 212-203-0250, email@example.com
The storefront at 25 Central Park West on Manhattan’s Upper West Side has been vacant for the past two years. Early this fall a collective of ten artists moved into the 3,000 square foot space viewing it as an opportunity to share their ideas and work with a broad audience. The space is called 25CPW. Its members seek to create a common platform for artists, curators, writers,educators, and the general public to engage with contemporary art. 25CPW will maintain a calendar of diverse events featuring lectures, discussions,film screenings, poetry readings, performances, workshops and exhibitions.
25CPW officially opens its doors with an inaugural exhibition. 10 from 25: Emerging Artists Using Photography will showcase the work of the ten founding members, each of whom use the medium of photography as a foundation for their artistic practice. The exhibition is comprised of varied approaches, ranging from traditional photography to video and sculpture.The show forges new paths and offers fresh visions that challenge photographic representation, the tradition of portraiture, and the depiction of identity within a changing technological landscape. 25CPW will host an opening reception on Thursday, November 19th, 2009. For more information about the show and artists, please visit www.25cpw.org.
Artists included are: Angela Beallor, Teresa Christiansen, Bess Greenberg, Kim Kremer, Rebecca (Marks) Leopold, Jamie Lund, Paul Qaysi, Hyla Skopitz, Adam Ward, and Alyssa Taylor Wendt
Masa, 8x10" Wet Plate Collodion Tintype 2009 © Keliy Anderson-Staley
Keliy Anderson-Staley's tintypes will be among the works of a traveling exhibition,“Going Forward, Looking Back: Practicing Historic Photographic Processes in the 21st Century.” Curated by Steven Halpert and opening in Portland, ME, this show will travel to the following locations throughout New England:
• University of New England Gallery, Portland, Maine: November 17-January 31, 2010
• Simmons College, Trustman Art Gallery, Boston, MA: April 20 - May 28, 2010
• UMASS/Dartmouth, University Art Gallery, New Bedford, MA: June - Sept., 2010
• Maine Media Workshop, (new gallery), Rockport, ME: October - November, 2010
Sunday, November 15, 2009
Image © Deborah Turbeville
2009 CCNY LECTURE SERIES
Thursday, November 19, 7pm
The School of Visual Arts Amphitheatre
209 East 23rd Street (2nd and 3rd Avenues), Third Floor
Book signing and sale to follow the lecture.
Free to CCNY members, SVA students, faculty, and staff
General admission $10, $5 for other students with valid student ID
Deborah Turbeville has been one of the world's most important and recognized fashion photographers since the mid-1970's when her atmospheric images of small groups of female models in evocative locations first appeared. Her New England upbringing gave her an appreciation of weathered and storied environments, which is still reflected in her work today. She moved to New York City before she was 20 and worked for designer Claire McCardell, a major influence on her career. After working first as an editor at Harper's Bazaar and then Mademoiselle, Turbeville became a photographer, originating a highly distinctive style known for its soft-focus use of mise-en-scene and grainy, pointillist printing technique.
Her influential, cinematic work appears regularly in American, British, French, Italian and Russian Vogues, and L'Uomo Vogue and W magazines, among others, and her work has been exhibited internationally. In 2006, a retrospective, “Deborah Turbeville: The Narrative Works 1974-1996,” was presented at The Wapping Project (London). She has been the recipient of numerous awards, including the Lucie, the ICP Infinity Award, the Alfred Eisenstaedt Award, and the Fashion Group Lifetime Award for Fashion Photography. She has published several books, including her two most recent, Past Imperfect (Steidl, 2009), and Casa No Name (Rizzoli, 2009).
The artist will be signing copies of Casa No Name and Past Imperfect.
Saturday, November 14, 2009
I'm in the market for a new dslr - and Pentax must know I'm a sucker for robots! Too bad I don't have a connex in Japan. The limited edition Korejanai K-x debuted there earlier this month. Only 100 will be sold, and it'll be comes with a mini Korejanai Robot Model. The color scheme totally reminds me of this Swatch I had in the 80s and it's a little bit reminiscent of Optimus Prime.
Speaking of transforming, for those of you who want to keep it traditional, how about a 35mm roll of film that has a camera built in? You actually stick a roll of 35mm into the back of this Transformer Camera and snap your picks.
Friday, November 13, 2009
courtesy ©Malou van Breevoort, ©Valerie Schmidt
Malou van Breevoort, Valerie Schmidt
Koeln-Art & Vektron Showroom (space beneath the 'Kunstsalon'),
-through December 7, 2009
You can revisit our conversation with Malou, by clicking here.
Thursday, November 12, 2009
Today we have the pleasure of presenting a conversation with artist Colleen Plumb.
A good photograph lingers with you, makes you pause. Colleen photographs unflinchingly investigate life and death; guiding the viewer to contemplate the intangible and the concrete.
© Colleen Plumb
NP: Tell us a little about yourself.
CP: I grew up in Chicago, in the Rogers Park neighborhood on the north side of the city, which is actually near where I live now. I have made it a little further south by about 2 miles. I always thought I would live in the mountains out west or Paris or something by now. Or California! But here I am, in Chicago. I am glad about it, but sort of surprised.
I teach part-time in the photography department at Columbia College Chicago, which is where I went to graduate school. I have now been teaching there for ten years. I am lucky to be involved with such a strong photography community in Chicago.
My husband and I have two daughters: Ruth will be 8 and Elsa is 3. That is Elsa next to our dog Jack right before we buried him. He was fifteen. And Ruth, last year with the mold-a-rama dinosaur from the Field Museum. We have a lot of fun around our house. I am truly blessed. I like that I am an artist and a mom, though balancing both worlds is challenging. Seeing the documentary "Who Does She Think She Is" really hit home.
© Colleen Plumb
NP: How did you discover photography?
CP: I had a job at a graphic design firm after college and I was restless, I felt like I was not doing what I was supposed to be doing. One day after work I was driving home and it literally struck me all at once: "I will go to grad school in photography". I had taken a lot of photography classes as an undergrad and that planted the seed. When I was younger, my grandfather always encouraged me as an artist, with my drawings. He really impacted my identity, gave me confidence. I remember vividly: on that drive home, I looked over at a building with the sun shining--glowing--brightly on an old Chicago brick building and I felt so sure about this new idea. I was so excited. I scheduled a meeting with the dept. chair at Columbia and two weeks later I was a graduate student with no job! It was freaky. I was able to freelance at different design firms in Chicago while in school.
AND: I do feel like I still am discovering photography all the time. It keeps getting better and more interesting to me. It is such an intricate language and my goal is to become fluent.
© Colleen Plumb
NP: Where do you find inspiration?
CP: I think I get the most inspired by looking at art, or hearing artists speak. Or by going to the library or a bookstore and looking at books. That is probably one of my favorite things to do. Thankfully my kids dig a good bookstore too. We just all disappear into ourselves for a while. Of course there are a lot of things to put away once the trances end.
© Colleen Plumb
NP: How do your projects come about?
CP: By picking up a thread of an idea and following it along, and in turn uncovering a bunch of other threads. This happened recently when I started thinking about tanneries. I called one listed in Chicago and wound up having the most amazing, informative conversation with a man named Bob about the history of tanning leather, the tanning industry in Chicago, sheepskin boxing gloves, pollution, you name it. I am going over to the their warehouse basement next week--the beams and hooks where they hung sheep are still intact. The tannery went out of business during the implementation of the Marshall Plan after WWII. And wool from sheep: there are these little notches on the fibers that lock together to form long fibers for spinning wool. The sheep has to be alive in order for the notches to remain open and hook one another. I think it is so interesting that they close up and will not work if the animal is sheared after it is dead.
© Colleen Plumb
NP: What’s next?
CP: Continuing my Animals Are Outside Today project. I also have begun a video project having to do with elephants. I am part of a new and still-forming collective of Chicago women photographers. I'll have work in Jen Bekman Gallery's winter show: 'Mix Tape' and a few other things are on the horizon.
And of course getting my kids to school on time with lunches in hand.
NP: Thank you so much!
To see more of Colleen's work please visit: www.colleenplumb.com.
Wednesday, November 11, 2009
via Melanie Flood Projects:
Exhibition Dates: November 8 -- December 2, 2009
Reception Tonight: Wednesday, November 11, 2009, 6-9pm
Melanie Flood Projects is pleased to present "Untitled Gentlemen", a solo exhibit of photographs by Erica Allen.
A series of fictional photographic portraits exploring representations and constructions of identity. Created with faces from contemporary barbershop hairstyle posters and figures from found studio photographs, this work gives new value and meaning to otherwise discarded and primarily functional photographs.
ABOUT THE ARTIST
Erica Allen is a Brooklyn based artist, originally from Oakland, California. She received her BA in Studio Art from the University of California, Santa Cruz in 2003 and completed her MFA in Photography from the School of Visual Arts in 2008. Awards for her work include the Aaron Siskind Scholarship, the William Hyde and Susan Benteen Irwin Scholarship, and Women In Photography-Lightside Individual Project, runner-up grant. Her photographs have been published internationally including The Outlook Magazine and the Visual Arts Journal. She has exhibited in New York City at the Broadway Gallery, Visual Arts Gallery and the Camera Club of New York.
For more information about the exhibit, the gallery, or to RSVP please contact:
Melanie Flood Projects
186 Washington Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11205
Blender Cart © Hidemi Takagi
You are invited!
Support North Brooklyn Public Art Coalition (NbPac) and celebrate our upcoming project Living Objects by Jason Krugman in McCarren Park. Here are the details:
Wednesday, November 11th from 7-10pm
Berry Park - 4 Berry Street (btw Nassau Ave and N. 14th St)
Closest trains: L at Bedford or G at Nassau
$5 Hacker-Pschorr Oktoberfest beers and $5 well drinks during the event!
Cash bar only with ATM on site
BERRY PARK- the newly-opened Williamsburg bar with tasty German beers on tap and amazing rooftop views. Thank you Berry Park for hosting!
LIVE MUSIC BY BABY SODA
Developed by hoboes, perfected through science... The Baby Soda Jazz Band is on the cutting edge of a new movement loosely known as street jazz; with an eclectic set of influences ranging from New Orleans brass bands, jug music, southern gospel and hot jazz. Have a listen.
Appetizers provided by LOKAL
Hidemi Takagi's BLENDER
Experience the multicolored, multicultured, gastronomic diversity of the boroughs of NYC with Hidemi Takagi's "Blender." Hidemi has been kind enough to gather some tasty treats from North Brooklyn specifically for this event!
for more about Hidemi Takagi's Blender project, revisit our Conversation with her right here.
Tuesday, November 10, 2009
Monday, November 9, 2009
Artist Amy Stein just started an action on the Say NO to Violence Against Women site called Photographers Say NO. Please join the campaign by clicking and then reposting this URL http://j.mp/1lRD2U and using #photosayno on Twitter.
Spread the word!
Sunday, November 8, 2009
From the website
During her lecture at B&H, Robin will discuss her project “Amelia’s World: Animal Affinity,” which displays Amelia’s remarkable relationship with animals. This body of work conveys Amelia’s extraordinary comfort level with animals, which they in turn share with her. Robin’s passion for animals and the spiritual connection she gains from photographing them inspired her to explore on a deeper level the real and fictional interspecies relationships, portrayed through portraits of Amelia.
Sunday, November 8, 2009 | 1:00 PM - 3:00 PM
B&H Photo Video Superstore
courtesy Sasha Wolf Gallery
Steven B. Smith
The Weather and A Place to Live
Sasha Wolf Gallery
10 Leonard Street
New York, NY
November 12, 2009 - January 9, 2010
Opening Reception: November 12, 2009
Saturday, November 7, 2009
I've always loved photo booths (does anyone not?) and never pass up the opportunity to use one when I come across them. I think they capture something a little different about you than when you get your pic snapped by a regular camera. Maybe it's because it's a safe-haven. You're behind a curtain, it doesn't matter what you do, no one really sees you. You never can time it right, that flash always catches you when you're not expecting it to. It's always a surprise when that slimy photo strip pops out of that little hole on the side. You never know what you're going to see.
Now imagine a booth where you actually get to step inside the camera! The ShootBooth is designed to look like a huge old bellows camera. Hand-built and one-of-a-kind, guests can step into the bellows booth and create a photo using two different techniques - WriteLite and FreezeFrame. The options are endless... the creative types behind this giantic gadget will invent a setup that caters to whatever your pretty little head can think up.
As fun as it looks, I think I'd still rather pull the curtain closed and stand in one of those tiny, cramped old-school booths making funny faces with as many people as we can pack in there.
Friday, November 6, 2009
(via Mary Virginia Swanson)
Critical Mass Winners Announced
Congratulations to the winners of Photolucida Critical Mass Competition 2009!!
Book Award Winners
Jane Fulton Alt
N W Gibbons
Jessica Todd Harper
Mary Shannon Johnstone
Hao, Shanghai, from A Chinese Sentiment, © Shen Wei
Aunt's Kitchen Counter, from Foreigners in Paradise, © Jane Tam
Jane Tam is participating in a two-person exhibition with the talented Shen Wei in Reflecting China: Gendered Visions from the Diaspora at Nemo Design Gallery this month.
From the press release:
Nemo Design is proud to present the work of acclaimed photographers Shen Wei and Jane Tam in Reflecting China: Gendered Visions from the Diaspora. Reflecting China combines work from Shen Wei’s Chinese Sentiment Series with Jane Tam’s Foreigners in Paradise Series. The result is a collection of work that explores issues of Chinese identity, gender, diaspora, cultural memory, imagined communities, longing and belonging. Both artists have been internationally recognized for their work. Shen is the recipient of many awards and was named as one of fifteen in the “new generation of photo pioneers” by American Photo magazine in 2007 as well as, one of the PDN’s “30 New and Emerging Photographers to Watch” in 2008. Jane Tam was awarded with the Emerging Photographer Award at the Pingyao Photography Festival in China.
Reflecting China is part of the community programming for the Portland Art Museum’s China Design Now exhibit. It’s wonderful if you haven’t seen it yet, go.
Please join us for the opening reception Friday, November 6, 2009 from 6-10pm at Nemo HQ 1875 Se Belmont St. Portland, OR 97214. The show will run through November 23, 2009 between the hours of 9am and 5pm.
Opening Reception tonight: Friday, Nov. 6, 2009, from 6-10pm
1875 Se Belmont St.
Portland, OR 97214
Exhibition runs: Nov. 6 - Nov. 23, 2009 between the hours of 9am and 5pm.
courtesy Daniel Cooney Fine Art © Sasha Bezzubov and Jessica Sucher
Sasha Bezzubov and Jessica Sucher
Daniel Cooney Fine Art
511 West 25th Street #506
NYC, NY 10001
November 7 - December 23, 2009
Opening Reception: Saturday November 7, 3-5 PM